Several state and federal laws have been enacted to protect workers in all industries, including agriculture. The laws regulate many aspects of labor including wages, working conditions, immigration, and employment opportunities. The application of these laws to agriculture is often complicated due to special exemptions or exceptions for agricultural employers.
The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act of 1983, 29 U.S.C. §§ 1801-1872, is the primary statute applicable to agricultural workers and establishes wage and working condition requirements and registration of farm labor contractors. Other major statutes include the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, 29 U.S.C. §§ 201-219; the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, 29 U.S.C. §§ 651-678; and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 136-136y.
The Labor Law Reading Room provides information on major statutes, relevant regulations, links to the case law index for Labor Law, administrative law decisions, Center research publications, relevant Congressional Research Service reports, and many other resources.
These resources are provided by the National Agricultural Law Center as a free service to the public.